Muscle Pain and Trigger Points
Chiropractic and Physiotherapy involves using many techniques to deal with muscle pain or myofascial pain. When pain is present muscles always go into a degree of spasm, this is a protective mechanism. So muscle pain is often not the primary problem but you still have to treat it to ensure a full and speedy recovery.
The function of skeletal muscles is to give joints stability and to move bones. The brain and nervous system controls them giving co-ordination and purposeful movements.
Did you know that there are around 600 muscles in the human body and skeletal muscles account on average for 60-70% of your body weight. So, it is not surprising that muscles are often a source of pain. When you consider that all muscles attach to the skeletal system naturally Chiropractic adjustments to the spine will have an affect on the muscles because we are treating the root cause of the problem.
When a muscle gets injured it is referred to as a strain. A muscle strain is graded from 1-3 depending on the severity and a complete tear of a muscle, is called a rupture.
There is a constant process of breakdown and repair in the body and most of the time the muscles injuries we get on a day-to-day basis are mild. The injuries cause small strains which are called micro-ruptures.
Following injury to a muscle, a “myofascial trigger point” or Trigger Point (TP) can form. This can occur from frank trauma for example on a football field or from repetitive strain sitting as a desk with a bad posture for hours on end. The trigger point itself is a small area within a muscle, which, after injury, can remain for many years (long after the original injury has healed) and feel like a knot or nodules and may cause chronic pain and stiffness.
A trigger point is not an area of scar tissue from an injury. It is an area of increased sensitivity in the muscle. When pressure is applied to this point, pain is usually felt at a distant area, this is called referred pain.
Trigger points can develop in any skeletal muscle, they are found in a specific area of the muscle and each muscle give referred pain to a specific area.
To experienced hands a trigger point is felt as a nodule or taut band in the muscle or ligament.
As chiropractors we diagnose and treat trigger points on a regular basis and they can be a significant source of pain and can use a variety of techniques to get rid of them. This can include, massagers, trigger point balls, stretching (active release technique), dry needling to name a few.
THE SYKES VERWEY CENTRE IS THE LEADING CHIROPRACTIC AND SPORTS INJURY CLINIC IN DEVON.
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